T. Livnat, M. Chen-Zion, C. Brodie and R. Beitner (1995). Rapid stimulatory effect of insulin on binding of glycolytic enzymes to cytoskeleton of C-6 glial cells, and the antagonistic action of calmodulin inhibitors. Endocrine 3, p. 319-322.
Insulin was shown in our previous experiments to induce an increase in binding of glycolytic enzymes to muscle cytoskeleton. We show here the same stimulatory effect of insulin in C-6 glial cells in culture. In these cells, like in muscle, a short time of incubation with insulin (1–10 min) induced an increase in cytoskeleton bound phosphofructokinase and aldolase. This stimulatory effect of insulin could be prevented by treatment with calmodulin antagonists trifluoperazine, thioridazine or CGS 9343 B (a potent and selective inhibitor of calmodulin activity), which strongly suggests that calmodulin is involved in this action of insulin. Our previous experiments have shown that growth factors and Ca2+ also induce a rapid, calmodulin-mediated stimulation of binding of glycolytic enzymes to cytoskeleton. The present and previous results suggest that the rapid binding of glycolytic enzymes to cytoskeleton, may be a general mechanism, in different cells, in signal transduction of insulin, growth factors and other Ca2+ -mobilizing hormones. The accelerated cytoskeletal glycolysis will supply local ATP, which is required for the rapid cytoskeletal-membrane rearrangements following the binding of hormone to its receptor.