T. Livnat, M. Chen-Zion, and R. Beitner (1993). Uncoupling of mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation abolished the stimulatory action of insulin on binding of glycolytic enzymes to muscle cytoskeleton. Int. J. Biochem 25. 993-997.
We show here that treatment of diaphragm muscle with 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP), an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, abolished the stimulatory action of insulin on binding of the glycolytic enzymes, phosphofructokinase (PFK) and aldolase, to muscle cytoskeleton. This effect was demonstrated with low concentration of DNP, which caused only a small decrease in ATP and did not affect the basic levels of cytoskeleton-bound glycolytic enzymes. 2. Higher concentrations of DNP, which induced a drastic decline in ATP content, caused a decrease in cytoskeleton-bound glycolytic enzymes and damage to myofibrils. 3. These results suggest that mitochondrial ATP is required for both the preservation of the basal levels of cytoskeleton-bound glycolytic enzymes and cell structure, as well as for the expression of the stimulatory action of insulin on glycolytic enzymes' binding to muscle cytoskeleton.