R. Beitner, Y. Sofer and M. Chen-Zion. (1984) Opposite changes with age in liver and muscle in mitochondrial and soluble glucose 1,6-bisphosphate and 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. Biochem. Med. 32, p. 57-66.
Glucose-1,6-bisphosphate (Glc-1,6-P2), the powerful regulator of carbohydrate metabolism, was markedly decreased in liver of adult rats (2 months of age) as compared to young rats (1-2 weeks of age). This regulator was found to be present in both the mitochondrial and soluble fractions of liver. Its concentration in both these fractions was decreased with age. Concomitant to the decrease in Glc-1,6-P2, which is a potent inhibitor of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, the activity of this enzyme was markedly increased with age in both the mitochondrial and soluble fractions. However, the increase in this enzyme's activity was more pronounced in the mitochondrial fraction. The mitochondrial enzyme was more susceptible to inhibition by Glc-1,6-P2 as compared to the soluble enzyme, and this may explain the greater enhancement in its activity with age in this fraction. The tibialis anterior muscle exhibited changes with age opposite to those found in liver; Glc-1,6-P2 concentration, in both the mitochondrial and soluble fractions of muscle increased with age, and this increase was accompanied by a concomitant reduction in the activity of the mitochondrial and soluble 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase. Similar to liver, the mitochondrial enzyme was more affected by age, as it also exhibited a greater susceptibility to inhibition by Glc-1,6-P2.